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Elbow

Normal Anatomy of the Elbow

How does the Elbow joint work?

The elbow is the joint that connects the upper arm bone and the forearm bones. Elbow joint helps in movement of the arms forward, backward, as well as to twist the arms inside and outside.

Find out more in this web based movie

Elbow Arthroscopy

Elbow arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery or keyhole procedure that allows your surgeon to look inside the elbow using small incisions and instruments to evaluate and treat elbow conditions. It is performed under anesthesia.

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Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Cubital tunnel release surgery is a surgery to correct the cubital tunnel syndrome. Cubital tunnel syndrome, also called ulnar nerve entrapment, is a condition caused by compression of the ulnar nerve in an area of the elbow known as cubital tunnel. The ulnar nerve travels down the back of the elbow behind a bony bump called medial epicondyle and through a passageway called cubital tunnel.

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Biceps Tendon Repair

The biceps muscle, located in the front of the upper arm allows you to bend the elbow and rotate the arm. Biceps tendons attach the biceps muscle to the bones in the shoulder and in the elbow.

Biceps tear can be complete or partial. Partial biceps tendon tears will not completely break the tendon. But, complete tendon tears will break the tendon into two parts.

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Elbow Reconstruction

The elbow is a hinge joint made up of 3 bones – the humerus, the radius and the ulna. The bones are held together by ligaments which provide stability to the joint. Muscles and tendons help in movements of the joint and in performing various activities. A deformity involving any of these structural components may result in instability or limitation of functional movement at the joint; this may require a surgical reconstruction to restore the normal function and stability of the elbow joint.

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Tommy John Surgery

The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) is one of the main stabilizing ligaments in the elbow and is involved especially with overhead activities such as throwing and pitching. When this ligament is injured it can end a professional athletes career unless surgery is performed. The common sports activities that may cause UCL injury are

  • Tennis
  • Javelin throwing
  • Pitching sports
  • Fencing
  • Painting

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Elbow Dislocation

The elbow is a hinge joint made up of 3 bones – humerus, radius and ulna. The bones are held together by ligaments to provide stability to the joint. Muscles and tendons move the bones around each other and help in performing various activities. Elbow dislocation occurs when the bones that make up the joint are forced out of alignment.
Elbow dislocations usually occur when a person falls onto an outstretched hand. Elbow dislocations can also occur from any traumatic injury such as motor vehicle accidents.

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Distal Biceps Tendon Repair

The biceps muscle is located in front of your upper arm. It helps in bending your elbow as well as in rotational movements of your forearm. Also, it helps to maintain stability in the shoulder joint. The biceps muscle has two tendons, one of which attaches it to the bone in the shoulder and the other attaches at the elbow. The biceps tendon at the elbow is called the distal biceps tendon and if there is a tear in this tendon, you will be unable to move your arm from the palm-down to palm-up position. Once the distal biceps tendon is torn, it cannot regrow back to the bone and heal by itself. Permanent weakness during rotatory movements of the forearm may occur if the tendon is not repaired surgically.

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Triceps Tendon Repair

Triceps repair is a surgical procedure that involves the repair of a ruptured (torn) triceps tendon. A tendon is a tough band of fibrous tissue which connects muscle to bone, and works together with muscles in moving your arms, fingers, legs, and toes. The triceps tendons connect the triceps muscles to the shoulder blade and elbow in your arm. Rupture of the triceps tendon is a rare injury which occurs as a result of the detachment of the triceps tendon from the attached bone. These tendons can rupture with lifting heavy weights, during contact sports or after a fall on an outstretched arm.

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Interactive web based movies (click on the desired topic to find out more)

Click on the topics below to find out more from the orthopedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons.

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